Folklore and Culture

The most outstanding characteristic of Paraguayan culture is the persistence of the indigenous language, Guarani together with Spanish; a mixture of these languages is know by the name of jopara. The majority of the population knows both tongues.


The Paraguayan music, of origin predominately European, has as the most popular instruments the Paraguayan harp and the guitar. Agustin Barrios and Felix Perez Cardoz are the masters of these instruments y two of most representative creative figures of the genre of Paraguayan Music.

The native rhytms are the Paraguayan Polka, the guarania, and the avanzada. Jose Asuncion Flores is the creator of the guarania and he spread it throughout most of the world. Amongst the singers of folk music of great popularity are Luis Alberto de Parana, who performed tours around the world during more than 30 years starting for the decades of the 50’s.

The Paraguayan dance has rhythms of polka and galopa. The “Galopera” and bottle dance – danced with up to 10 bottles, one on top of the other, on the head – are two of the typical popular dances of the country.

Amongst the more recent mainstream music, groups that standout are those that mix elements of pop and rock with rhythms of Polka and Guarania, achieving innovative fusions.

Part of the Parguayan cultura is its peculiar gastronomy, resulted from indigenous and Hispanic input and other influences. The majority of the dishes are prepared based on beef, corn flower, and starch. The chipa (starch bread with cheese) and the sopa paraguaya (solid cake of cornflower) are two the most representative and common dishes of Paraguayan gastronomy.